Vital Signs: Risk for Overdose from Methadone Used for Pain Relief — United States, 1999–2010

According to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) prescription painkiller overdoses were responsible for more than 15,500 deaths in 2009. While all prescription painkillers have contributed to an increase in overdose deaths over the last decade, methadone has played a central role in the epidemic. More than 30% of prescription painkiller deaths involve methadone, even though only 2% of painkiller prescriptions are for this drug. Six times as many people died of methadone overdoses in 2009 than a decade before.

The report also acknowledged that methadone has been used safely and effectively to treat drug addiction for decades. It has been prescribed increasingly as a painkiller because it is a generic drug that can provide long-lasting pain relief. But as methadone’s use for pain has increased, so has nonmedical use of the drug and the number of overdoses.

http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm61e0703a1.htm?s_cid=mm61e0703a1_w

http://www.cdc.gov/VitalSigns/MethadoneOverdoses/

Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - July 6, 2012

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