In mid-December, The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) announced the results of its 2013 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey. The survey, conducted earlier in the year by scientists at the University of Michigan, tracks annual drug abuse trends of eighth, 10th, and 12th-grade students. NIDA is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
MTF is one of three major survey instruments the Department of Health and Human Services uses to monitor the nation’s substance abuse patterns among teens.
This year’s announcement focused on attitudes about and prevalence of marijuana use, as well as abuse of synthetic drugs, prescription medications, and tobacco.
Prescription Medications – There was mixed news regarding abuse of prescription medications. The survey shows continued abuse of Adderall, commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, with 7.4 percent of seniors reporting taking it for non-medical reasons in the past year. However, only 2.3 percent of seniors report abuse of Ritalin, another ADHD medication. Abuse of the pain reliever Vicodin has shown a marked decrease in the last 10 years, now measured at 5.3 percent for high school seniors, compared to 10.5 percent in 2003.
Heroin – For cocaine and heroin, while there was no significant change from the 2012 rates, there continues to be a gradual decline in use, with both drugs at historic lows in all three grades. The 2013 rate for high school seniors for past year cocaine use is 2.6 percent, compared to a peak of 6.2 percent in 1999. Similarly, the reported use of heroin by 12th-graders is 0.6 percent this year, compared to a peak of 1.5 percent in 2000.
Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse – December 16, 2013